Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are tests used to determine the condition of the heart muscle and valves and to assess the sac surrounding the heart, referred to as pericardium. Both procedures utilize ultrasound to produce images of the heart. The resulting images can be displayed using either 2D technology, which generates ‘flat’ two-dimensional images, or 3D technology, which provides more graphic and detailed images of the heart and valves.

Our team of American and UK trained expert cardiologists utilize echocardiography to diagnose and treat a wide range of heart conditions.

How are the tests performed?

The type of echocardiogram required depends on the individual needs of the patient.

TTE is a commonly used non-invasive test performed with the help of a hand-held transducer that scans images of the heart and utilizes 2D or 3D imaging technologies.

Sometimes more detailed images may be required, which cannot be produced through TTE as the muscle, skin, or bone may interfere with image acquisition. In such situations, cardiologists utilize TEE, a minimally invasive test wherein an ultrasound probe is guided through the upper gastrointestinal tract to obtain more detailed images of the heart and valves.

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